Source: Sayara

Full report here

Summary of findings

  • The scale of atrocities and the targeting of civilians was not anticipated and caught the population by surprise.
  • Multiple state and non-state combatants are operating, often in coordination, throughout the Tigray
    region.
  • These include the ENDF, Eritrean state military, regional military forces from Ahmara and Tigray
    states, armed ethnic militia, and opportunistic bandits
  • Accounts from interviewed refugees suggest targeting of medical facilities.
  • Human rights violations and atrocities were perpetrated based on ethnic targeting.
  • Looting and theft, both by military forces and opportunistic thieves, appears to have been widespread.
  • The threat of forced recruitment has been a motivating factor for refugees to flee.
  • Displaced people were targeted and interrogated on their route to find safety, first in their home areas, and then along dangerous routes to the Sudan border.
  • Refugee flows appear to include individuals from all sectors of society, including all age groups and all
  • income groups.
  • Most refugees have been separated from family as a result of displacement and do not yet have access to
  • family tracing.
  • Conditions in both Hamdayet and Um Rakuba settlement sites were dire at the time of interviews, with inadequate food, unsafe water (especially in Hamdayet), and inadequate shelter.
  • Multiple humanitarian organizations are on the ground attempting to enhance infrastructure and services under crisis conditions, but the conditions inside Sudan and the inaccessibility of the areas where refugees
  • are concentrated make such service provision extremely challenging.
  • Refugees report significant material and moral support from the local host communities, and report that they feel safe and welcomed by the Sudanese people.