Kate Osamor MPThere has been a lot of comment about how the May 2015 election produced the most ethnically diverse British parliament in history. And indeed it did with 41 black and ethnic minority MPs out of a total of 650.

But while Asians have done very well in getting seats, Africans have not. If my analysis is correct then there are just 9 MPs who can claim African ethnicity, while there are 28 with an Asian heritage.

And some African countries are better represented than others.

So well done Ghana – three MPs from a British population estimated at 80,000.

But where are the South African and the Kenyan MPs?

Increasing diversity in parliament is a great step forward. Well done all those who were elected.

Sundar Katwala of the lobby grooup British Future’s welcomed the transformation.

A record number of ethnic minority MPs have been elected to the House of Commons – 41 non-white MPs enter the new 2015 parliament compared to 27 at the last General Election, according to British Future’s analysis of the constituency results. Labour retains its lead in the House of Commons overall, with 23 non-white MPs to the Conservatives’ 17though the 2015 intake captures an increasingly competitive ‘race for representation’ between the two major parties.

But this leaves the question: why so few Africans?

Below is a breakdown of the 41 Black and Ethnic Minority MPs. I have worked out their ethnic background as accurately as possible from publicly available information. Apologies to anyone I have made a mistake about. I will be pleased to amend any errors.

The scorecard looks like this: Nigeria 4, Ghana 3, Sierra Leone 1, Somaliland 1. To this number could be added some Asians who lived in Uganda until expelled by Idi Amin – 2. But for this analysis I have considered them Asian.

Yet there are sizeable groups of Britains living in the UK who were born in Africa.

South Africa: 209,000, Nigeria: 180,000, Kenya: 142,000, Ghana: 80,000

Africans are now a larger group than the Caribbeans in the Black population – according to The Voice.

In 2001, the Caribbean population outnumbered the African population but there has been a significant reversal. Between 2001 and 2011, those who identified as Black Caribbean has stabilised at 1.1 percent, increasing nominally by only 29,204.

The Black African population has doubled from 0.8 percent to 1.7 percent, or from 484,783 to 989,628 nominally.

Overall, black communities (including Black African, Black Caribbean, Black American or Black European) make up 3.4 percent of Britain’s overall population which now stands at 56.1 million – an increase of seven percent since 2001.

Of course the analysis depends on how people identify themselves. Perhaps there are white MPs who have a link to South Africa, Kenya or Zimbabwe. This process will not have highlighted them.

Table: MPs elected in May 2015 by ethnicity, party and seat

Source: Parliamentary Candidates UK

Name Ethnicity Party Seat
Rushanara Ali Bengali Labour Bethnal Green & Bow
Mahmood, Shabana Kashmiri Labour Birmingham Ladywood
Mahmood, Khalid Kashmiri Labour Birmingham Perry Barr
Qureshi, Yasmin Pakistani Labour Bolton South East
Hussain, Imran Asian Labour Bradford East
Shah, Naseem Akhter Asian Labour Bradford West
Cleverly, James Spencer Mother Sierra Leone Conservative Braintree
Butler, Dawn Jamaica Labour Brent Central
Debbonaire, Thangam Asian Labour Bristol West
Javid, Sajid Punjabi Conservative Bromsgrove
Vara, Shailesh Lakhman Asian via Uganda Conservative Cambridgeshire North West
Huq, Rupa Asha Bengali Labour Hammersmith
Sharma, Virendra Indian Labour Ealing Southall
Osamor, Kate Nigerian Labour Edmonton
Fernandes, Suella Asian Conservative Fareham
Malhotra, Seema Indian Labour Feltham & Heston
Chishti, Rehman Pakistani Conservative Gillingham & Rainham
Abbott, Diane Julie Jamaican Labour Hackney North & Stoke Newington
Jayawardena, Ranil Malcolm Sri Lankan Conservative Hampshire North East
Siddiq, Tulip Bangladeshi Labour Hampstead & Kilburn
Mak, Alan Chinese Conservative Havant
Vaz, Keith Anthony Indian Labour Leicester East
Grant, Helen English mother and Nigerian father Conservative Maidstone & The Weald
Onwurah, Chi Nigerian father Labour Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Lewis, Clive Anthony Grenadan father and English mother Labour Norwich South
Ahmed-Sheikh, Tasmina Mother half-Welsh and half-Czech, father Pakistani SNP Ochil & South Perthshire
Hendrick, Mark Phillip Anglo-Somaliland Labour Preston
Sharma, Alok Indian Conservative Reading West
Sunak, Rishi Indian Conservative Richmond (Yorks)
Kennedy, Seema Louise Ghiassi Iranian Conservative South Ribble
Kwarteng, Kwasi Ghanaian Conservative Spelthorne
Zahawi, Nadhim Kurdish Conservative Stratford-on-Avon
Umunna, Chuka Harrison Father Nigerian and Mother Irish and English Labour Streatham
Gyimah, Sam Ghanaian Conservative Surrey East
Khan, Sadiq Aman Pakistani Labour Tooting
Lammy, David Lindon Guyana Labour Tottenham
Vaz, Valerie Indian Labour Walsall South
Ghani, Nusrat Kashmiri Conservative Wealden
Nandy, Lisa Eva Asian Labour Wigan
Afriyie, Adam English mother and Ghanaian father Conservative Windsor
Patel, Priti Sushil Asian via Uganda Conservative Witham